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Bibliography of Asian TG (and TG-related) studies in the humanities and social sciences. 1990-present 

Copyright Sam Winterto whom requests for reproduction and dissemination falling under copyright laws must be made

Suggest item(s) for bibliography

Uploaded 2/5/02, last updated 27/04/11. All items arranged in alphabetical order within a category. Around 183 items by Nov 2007. 204 items by October 2008. 220 items by Dec 2009. Most recent items in block type.

Arranged according to the following categories: 

1. Books

2. Major NGO and NGO funded reports

3. Chapters in books

4. Articles on the web

5. Articles (other than those on the web),

6. Research theses

7. Encyclopedia country entries: gender

8. Encyclopedia country entries: sexuality

9. Book reviews.

 

1. Books

Aldous,S. and Sereemongkonpol,S. (2008) Ladyboys: the secret world of Thailand's third gender. Dunboyne: Maverick House.

Allyn, E (1991). Trees in the same forest: Thailand's culture and gay culture. (also listed sometimes as The men of Thailand revisited: trees in the same forest. Bangkok and San Francisco: Bua Luang.

Balaji M. (1997). Hijras: who we are. (as told to Malloy,R.L.). Toronto: Think Asia.

Blackwood,E. and Wieringa,S. (Eds.) (1999) Female desires: same-sex relations and transgender practices across cultures. NY: Columbia University Press.

Bhaskaran,S. (2004). Made in India: decolonisations, queer sexualities, trans/national projects. UK: Palgrave MacMillan.

Costa,L. and Matzner,A. (2006). Male bodies, women's souls: personal narratives of Thailand's transgendered youth. Binghamton: Haworth.

Davies, SG, (2007) Challenging Gender Norms: Five Genders among Bugis in Indonesia, 2007, Thomson Wadsworth. 

Eckhardt, J. (2006) Singapore girl: a memoir. Singapore: Monsoon Books.

Hinsch, B. (1990). Passions of the cut sleeve: the male homosexual tradition in China. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Jaffrey, Z. (1997). The Invisibles: a tale of the eunuchs of India. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. 

Johnson, M. (1997). Beauty and power: transgendering and cultural transformation in the southern Philippines. Oxford UK: Berg.

Jenkins, C., Pramoj na Ayutthaya, P., and Hunter, A (2005) Katoey in Thailand: HIV/AIDS and life opportunities. Washington: USAID  web version of book

Leupp, G. (1995). Male colors: the construction of homosexuality in Tokugawa Japan. Berkeley: University of California Press

Li,S.L.(2003) Cross-dressing in Chinese opera. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press

Lo, L. (2003) My sisters: their stories. Singapore: Select Books. (www.selectbooks.com.sg)

Lo, L. (2007). From Leonard to Leona - A Singapore Transsexual's Journey to Womanhood. Singapore: Select Books. (www.selectbooks.com.sg)

Nanda, S. (1990). Neither man nor woman: the Hijras of India. Belmont, California, USA: Wadsworth.

Nanda, S. (2000). Gender diversity: Cross-cultural variations. Illinois, USA: Waveland Press (Our note: see material covering gender diversity in India, Thailand, and Philippines)  

Noraini Mohd Noor, Jamil Farooqui, Ahmad Abd. Al-Rahm Nasr, Hazizan Bin Md. Noon, Shukran Abdul Rahman. (2005). Sexual identity: Effeminacy among university students. Kuala Lumpur, International Islamic University, Malaysia. Please note that  I include this book for the sake of compiling a complete bibliography. It is a highly objectionable piece of work, conceptualising effeminacy as a problem (even worse, one at risk of leading to transsexualism) and requiring action aimed at control, rehabilitation and prevention.

Pattanaik, D. (2002). The man who was a woman and other queer tales form Hindu lore. New York: Haworth

Peletz, M. (2009). Gender pluralism: southeast Asia since early modern times. New York : Routledge, 2009.

Ramet, S.R. (1996). Gender reversals and gender cultures: anthropological and historical perspectives. London, UK: Routledge. (Our note: See material on gender diversity in Hindu, Buddhist, Chinese and Siberian cultures)  

Sinnott, M. (2004). Toms and dees: transgender identity and female same-sex relationships in Thailand. Hawai'i: University of Hawai'i Press. 

Talwar,R. (1999). The third sex and human rights. India: Gyan Publishing House

Teh Y.K. (2002) The Mak Nyahs: Malaysian male to female transsexuals. Singapore: Eastern Universities Press. 

Totman,R. (2003) The third sex: kathoey: Thailand's ladyboys. UK: Souvenir Press. 

Volpp, S. (1996). Gender, power and spectacle in late-imperial Chinese theatre. Ch. 9 in Ramet, S. (Ed.) Gender Reversals and Gender Cultures. London: Routledge.

Wieringa,S., Blackwood,E. and Bhaiya, A. (Eds.) (2007)  Women's Sexualities and Masculinities in a Globalizing Asia. USA: Palgrave MacMillan. 

Wilhelm, A.D. (2004)  Tritiya-Prakriti: people of the third sex: understanding homosexuality, transgender identity and intersex conditions Through Hinduism.  Philadelphia, PA: Xlibris Corporation

Zhou Z.Y. (2003). Androgyny in Late Ming and Early Qing Literature. Hawai'i: University of Hawai'i Press.

2. Major NGO and NGO funded reports

Caceres, C., Pecheny, M., Frasca, A. M., & Rios, R. R. (2008). Review of legal frameworks and the situation of human rights related to sexual diversity in low and middle-income countries: UN AIDS.

 

Cameron, L. (2006). Sexual Health and Rights: Sex Workers, Transgender People and Men Who Have Sex with Men. New York: Open Society Institute.

 

International_Resource_Network (2005). Report on the Asia regional meeting of the International Resource Network. New York.

 

Jenkins, C., na_Ayutthaya, P., & Hunter, A. (2005). Katoey in Thailand: HIV/AIDS and life opportunities. Washington DC: USAID.

 

People‘s_Union_for_Civil_Liberties_Karnataka (2003). Human rights violations against the transgender community. Bangalore: People‘s Union for Civil Liberties - Karnataka.  also available on web -- link to resource.

Sood , N. (2009). Transgender People’s Access to Sexual Health and Rights: A Study of Law and Policy in 12 Asian Countries. Asian-Pacific Resource and Research Centre for Women (ARROW). Try link to resource. However, the URL link for this item is extremely long. In case of difficulty copy and paste link below into browser. http://arrow.org.my/images/publications/ICPD+15/CaseStudies/Transgender%20People%e2%80%99s%20Access%20to%20Sexual%20Health%20and%20Rights.pdf

South_and_Southeast_Asia_Resource_Centre_on_Sexuality (2008). The Transgender Project, South and Southeast Asia (draft working paper) New Delhi.

3. Chapters in books

Anderson, B. (1996). "Bullshit!" S/He said: the happy, modern, sexy, Indonesian married woman as transsexual. In Sears,L. (Ed.). Fantasizing the feminine in Indonesia. Durham: Duke University Press.

Allen, M (2005) Being male in a female world: masculinity and gender in Okinawan shamanism. In McLelland,M and Dasgupta,R.(Eds.) Genders, transgenders and sexualities in Japan. Abingdon: Routledge

Beyrer, C. (1998). Other genders: kathoeys, waria, hijras, toms and dees. In War in the blood: sex, politics and AIDS in Southeast Asia. Bangkok: White Lotus Publishing.

Cannell, F. (1995). The power of appearances: beauty, mimicry, and transformation in Bicol. In Rafael,V. (Ed.) Discrepant histories: translocal essays on Filipino cultures. Manila: Anril Publishing.

Chang,B., and Field,J. (2010). Malaysia. In Stewart,C. (Ed.). Encyclopedia of LGBT Issues Worldwide. Volume 1. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood Press. (substantial material on transpeople)

Chung D.C. (2010). Taiwan. In Stewart,C. (Ed.). Encyclopedia of LGBT Issues Worldwide. Volume 1. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood Press. (a little material on transpeople)

Colby, D. (2010). Vietnam. In Stewart,C. (Ed.). Encyclopedia of LGBT Issues Worldwide. Volume 1. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood Press. (a little material on transpeople)

Furth,C. (1993). Androgynous males and deficient females: biology and gender boundaries in sixteenth- and seventeenth- century China. In  Abelove,H., Barale,M. and Halperin,D. The Lesbian and gay studies reader New York: Routledge

Higashi,Y., Nomiya,A. and Morino,H. (2000) Transgenderism in Japan: past, present and future. In Ng,M.L., Perez-Conchillo,M. and Coleman,E. (Eds.) Sexuality in the new millennium: proceedings of the 14th World Congress on Sexology, Hong Kong SAR, China, August 1999.

Hossain,A. (2010). Bangladesh. In Stewart,C. (Ed.). Encyclopedia of LGBT Issues Worldwide. Volume 1. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood Press. (substantial material on transpeople)

Jackson, P. (1995). Kathoey: The third sex. In Jackson, P., Dear Uncle Go: Male homosexuality in Thailand. Bangkok, Thailand: Bua Luang Books

Jackson, P. (1997). Kathoey-gay-man: The historical emergence of gay male identity in Thailand. In Manderson, L. and Jolly, M. (Eds.) Sites of desire, economies of pleasure: Sexualities in Asia and the Pacific. Chicago, USA: University of Chicago Press.  

Jackson, P. (1998). Male homosexuality and transgenderism in the Thai buddhist tradition. In Leyland, W. (Ed.) Queer dharma: Voices of gay buddhists. San Francisco, USA: Gay Sunshine Press.

Jackson,P. (1999). Tolerant but unaccepting: the myth of a Thai 'gay' paradise. In Jackson,P. and Cook,N. (Eds.) Gender and sexualities in modern Thailand. Chiangmai: Silkworm Books. 

Kameya,Y. and Narita,V. (2000). Clinical and psychosociological case study on gender identity disorder in Japan. In Ng,M.L., Perez-Conchillo,M. and Coleman,E. (Eds.) Sexuality in the new millennium: proceedings of the 14th World Congress on Sexology, Hong Kong SAR, China, August 1999.

Kandiyoti, Deniz (2002). Pink Card Blues: Trouble and Strife at the Crossroads of Gender. In Kadiyoti, Deniz and Saktanber, Ayse (eds.) Fragments of Culture. London, New York: I. B. Tauris. (for a short version see http://www.merip.org/mer/mer206/turksx.htm

Leong, L W.T. (2010). Singapore. In Stewart,C. (Ed.). Encyclopedia of LGBT Issues Worldwide. Volume 1. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood Press. (a little material on transpeople)

Lunsing,W. (2003). What masculinity? Transgender practices among Japanese 'men'. In Roberson, J. and Suzuki, N. (Eds.)  Men and masculinities in contemporary Japan: dislocating the salaryman doxa. London: Routledge Curzon. 

Mackie,V. (2002) Citizenship, embodiment and social policy in contemporary Japan. In Goodman,R. (Ed.) Family and social policy in Japan: anthropological approaches. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 

Lunsing. W. (2005) The politics of okama and onabe: uses and abuses of terminology regarding homosexuality and transgender. In McLelland,M and Dasgupta,R.(Eds.) Genders, transgenders and sexualities in Japan. Abingdon: Routledge

Nakamura, K. and Matsuo, H. (2003) Female masculinity and fantasy spaces: transcending genders in the Takarazuka theatre and Japanese popular culture. In Roberson,J. and Suzuki, N. (Eds.)  Men and masculinities in contemporary Japan: dislocating the salaryman doxa. London: Routledge Curzon. 

Nanda,S. (1993). Hijras as neither man nor woman. In Abelove,H., Barale,M. and Halperin,D. The Lesbian and gay studies reader New York: Routledge

Nanda,S. (1997) The Hijras of India. In Duberman,M. A queer world: the center for lesbian and gay studies reader. New York: New York University Press.

Rajesh Talwar (1999). The third sex and human rights. Gyan Publishing House.

Ruan F.F.  (1991) Transvestism and transsexualism. In Sex in China: Studies in Sexology in Chinese Culture, in the series Perspectives in Sexuality: Behavior, Research, and Therapy (Ed. Green, R.), 145-158, NY: Plenum Press

Suganuma,K., Ishida,H., amd Sugiura, I. (2010). Japan. In Stewart,C. (Ed.). Encyclopedia of LGBT Issues Worldwide. Volume 1. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood Press. (substantial material on transpeople)

Summerhawk, B., McMahill, C. and McDonald, D. (1998).Who's a lesbian? The story of a male-to-female transsexual lesbian. An interview with Mako.  in Summerhawk,B., McMahill, C., and McDonald, D. (Eds). 'Queer Japan: personal stories of Japanese lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transsexuals. Norwich, Canada: New Victoria Publishers.

ten Brummelhuis, H. (1999). Transformations of transgender: The case of the Thai kathoey. In Jackson, P. and Sullivan, G. (Eds.). Lady boys, tom boys, rent boys: Male and female homosexualities in contemporary Thailand. New York, USA: The Haworth Press.

Tan, Beng Hui. 1999. Women's sexuality and the discourse on Asian values: Cross-dressing in Malaysia, pp. 281-307 in Female Desires: Same-sex relations and transgender practices across cultures. Blackwood and Wieringa, eds. NY: Columbia University Press.

Thajib, F. (2010). Indoneisa. In Stewart,C. (Ed.). Encyclopedia of LGBT Issues Worldwide. Volume 1. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood Press. (a little material on transpeople)

Wieringa, Saskia E. 1999. Desiring bodies or defiant cultures: Butch-femme lesbians in Jakarta and Lima, pp. 206-229 in Female Desires: Same-sex relations and transgender practices across cultures. Blackwood and Wieringa, eds. NY: Columbia University Press.

Wikan,U. (1991). The Xanith: a third gender role? in Wikan,U. Behind the veil in Arabia: women in Oman. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 

Williams, W. (2010). Thailand. In Stewart,C. (Ed.). Encyclopedia of LGBT Issues Worldwide. Volume 1. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood Press. (a little material on transpeople)

Winter,S. (2008). Language and identity in transgender: gender wars and the Thai kathoey. In Lin,A. (Ed.). Everyday Struggles in Language, Culture, and Education: Problematizing Identity. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum (p119-135)

Winter,S. and King,M. (2010). Hong Kong. In Stewart,C. (Ed.). Encyclopedia of LGBT Issues Worldwide. Volume 1. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood Press. (substantial material on transpeople)

Winter, S. (2011) Transpeople (Khon Kham Phet) in Thailand: transprejudice, exclusion, and the presumption of mental illness. Chapter 13 in Jackson, P (Ed.) Queer Bangkok: 21st Century Media, Markets and Rights.Hong Kong University Press (pp251-267).

Winter,S and King,M. (2011) Well and truly fucked: transwomen, stigma, sex work and sexual health in South to East Asia. Chapter 9 in Global Perspectives on Prostitution and Sex Trafficking:  Africa, Asia, Middle East, and Oceania    Ed. Dalla,R., Baker,L., DeFrain,J. and Williamson,C. Lanham: Lexington Books.
 

4. Articles on the web

Armbrecht,J. (2008). Transsexuals and Thai law. Thailand Law Forum link to resource

Ben-zvi, Y. Zionist Lesbianism and Transsexual Transgression: Two Representations of Queer Israel, Middle East Report, no. 206 (Spring 1998): 26-37, available at http://www.jstor.org

Blackwood,E (1998) Tombois in West Sumatra: Constructing Masculinity and Erotic Desire, Cultural Anthropology 13, no. 4 (November): 491-521, available at http://www.jstor.org

Blackwood,E. (2005) Transnational Sexualities in One Place: Indonesian Readings,Gender and Society 19, no. 2 (April): 221-242, available at http://www.jstor.org

Blackwood, E. (2005). Gender Transgression in Colonial and Postcolonial Indonesia, The Journal of Asian Studies 64, no. 4 (November): 849-879, available at  http://www.jstor.org

Boellstorff, T. (2001). Playing back the nation: Waria, Indonesian transvestites. Cultural Anthropology, 19, 2, 159-195, available at http://www.jstor.org

Boellstorff, T. (2001). Waria: national transvestites. Paper presented at the 3rd IASSCS. link to resource

Brewer, C. (1999). Baylan, asog, transvestism and sodomy: Gender, sexuality and the scared in early colonial Philippines. Intersections, 2. link to resource

Doussantousse,S.  and Keovongchith,B. (2005) Male sexual health: kathoeys in the Lao PDR, South East Asia. Archives of the 1st International Conference of Asian Queer Studies ('Sexualities, Genders and Rights in Asia'). Bangkok, Thailand, July 2005. link to resource

Ehrlich, R. and Gent, H. (1996). Thailand’s secret sex. Elle Magazine UK, June: 42-48. link to resource 

Gallagher, R. (2005). Shifting markets, shifting risks: HIV/AIDS prevention and the geographies of male and transgender tourist-oriented sex work in Phuket, Thailand. Archives of the 1st International Conference of Asian Queer Studies ('Sexualities, Genders and Rights in Asia'). Bangkok, Thailand, July 2005. link to resource

Graham, S.(2001). Negotiating gender: 'Calalai' in Bugis society. Intersections, 6. link to resource 

Graham,S. (2005). Indonesian intersections of bisexuality and transgender. Archives of the 1st International Conference of Asian Queer Studies ('Sexualities, Genders and Rights in Asia'). Bangkok, Thailand, July 2005. link to resource

Hossain, A. (2009). Shades of Grey.in 'In Plainspeak'  2 , (the electronic journal of TARSHI  (Talking About Reproductive and Sexual Health Issues)) link to resource. (note: this article covers borad sexual and gender minority issues, devoting part of its content to gender identity diversity.

Human Rights Watch (2003) Ravaging the vulnerable: abuses against persons of high-risk of HIV infection in Bangladesh. link to resource

Jackson, P. Non-normative sex/gender categories in the Theravada Buddhist Scriptures. link to resource

Jackson,P. (1996). The persistence of gender: from ancient Indian pandakas to modern Thai gay-quings. Australian Humanities Review link to resource

Jackson, P. (1997) Thai Research on Male Homosexuality and Transgenderism and the Cultural Limits of Foucaultian Analysis, Journal of the History of Sexuality 8, no. 1 (July): 52-85, available at http://www.jstor.org

Jackson, P. (1999) Spurning Alphonso Lingis' Thai 'lust': The perils of a philosopher at large. Intersections, 2.  link to resource

Jackson,P. (2000) An Explosion of Thai Identities: Global Queering and Re-Imagining Queer Theory, Culture, Health & Sexuality 2, no. 4 (December 2000): 405-424, available at http://www.jstor.org

Jackson, P. (2003) Performative Genders, Perverse Desires: A Bio-History of Thailand's Same-Sex and Transgender Cultures. Intersections 9  link to resource

Jami,H. (2005) Condition and status of hijras (transgender, transvestites etc) in Pakistan. Archives of the 1st International Conference of Asian Queer Studies ('Sexualities, Genders and Rights in Asia'). Bangkok, Thailand, July 2005. link to resource

Khartini, D.S (2006) Maknyahs in Malaysia. link to resource

Klein,R. (2006) Markova: Wartime comfort gay in the Philippines. Intersections, 13. link to resource

Kunaporn, Sanguan (undated). Transsexual, Law and Medicine in Thailand. link to resource

PUCL-K (Peoples' Union for Civil Liberties, Karnataka) (2003). Human rights violations against the TG community.  link to resource

Lam, Y.M.,L. (2005) A study on the sexuality of transsexuals in Hong Kong. Archives of the 1st International Conference of Asian Queer Studies ('Sexualities, Genders and Rights in Asia'). Bangkok, Thailand, July 2005. link to resource

Matzner, A. The Politics of re-presentation: An analysis of Western academic treatments of Thai transgenderism. Under review. 

Matzner, A. In the beginning: Northern Thai creation mythology. link to resource 

Matzner, A. Fourteen Questions. link to resource

Matzner, A. The roses of the north: The kathoey of Chiang Mai University. link to resource

Matzner, A. In legal limbo: Thailand, transgendered men and the law. link to resource

McLelland, M. (2002). Kamingu auto: homosexuality and popular culture in Japan. International Institute for Asian Studies. Newsletter 29. link to resource.

Mills,M. (2001) The Gender of the Trick: Female Tricksters and Male Narrators, Asian Folklore Studies 60, no. 2 (2001): 237-258, available at http://www.jstor.org

Oetomo,D. (2002). Now you see it, now you don't: homosexual culture in Indonesia. International Institute for Asian Studies. Newsletter 29. link to resource.

Oetomo,D and Petkovic,J. (1999) Dede Oetomo talks on Reyog Pongorogo: transcript of an interview filmed by Josko Petkovic), Intersections, 2, May. link to resource 

Peletz,M. (2006) Transgenderism and Gender Pluralism in Southeast Asia since Early Modern Times, Current Anthropology 47, no. 2 (April): 309-340, available at http://www.jstor.org

Petkovic, J. (1999) Waiting for Karila: Bending time, theory and gender in Java and Bali (with reflections for a documentary treatment). Intersections, 2.  link to resource

PUCL (People's Union for Civil Liberties). (2005). Human rights violations against the transgender community. link to resource. 

Quintiliani, K. (2002). The remaking of a Cambodian-American drag queen: International Institute for Asian Studies. Newsletter 29. link to resource.

Rennesson,S. (2005). Transgender culture and Thai boxing. Archives of the 1st International Conference of Asian Queer Studies ('Sexualities, Genders and Rights in Asia'). Bangkok, Thailand, July 2005. link to resource

Scherer,R. (2006). Gender transformed and  meta-gendered enlightenment: reading Buddhist narratives as paradigms of inclusiveness. REVER, Revista de Estudos da Religiao, No. 3, pp65-76. link to resource

Sinnott,M. (2002). Gay versus kathoey: homosexual identities in Thailand. International Institute for Asian Studies. Newsletter 29. link to resource.

Shafak,E. (2004)  Transgender Bolero, Middle East Report, no. 230 (Spring): 26-47, available at http://www.jstor.org.

Sinnott, M. (2000) The semiotics of transgendered sexual identity in the Thai print media: Imagery and discourse of the sexual other. Culture Health and Sexuality, 2, 4, 425-440. available at http://www.jstor.org

Slamah,K. (1999). Building a community developing effective HIV/AIDS programmes for transsexuals working as sex workers: the Malaysian example. International Lesbian and Gay Association webpage. link to resource

Storer, G. (1999). Performing sexual identity: Naming and resisting 'gayness' in modern Thailand. link to resource

Teh Y.K. (2001) Mak nyahs (male transsexuals) in Malaysia: The influence of culture and religion on their identity. International Journal of Transgenderism, 5, 3. link to resource 

Thowok,D.N. and Ross,L.M.(2005). Mask, Gender, and Performance in Indonesia: An Interview with Didik Nini Thowok, Asian Theatre Journal 22, no. 2 (Autumn): 214-226, available at http://www.jstor.org

Tong K.M,C. (2002). Being a tomboy: an ethnographic research of young schoolgirls in Hong Kong. Electronic Journal of Hong Kong Cultural and Social Studies, 2.  link to resource

Wilson,I. (1999) Reog Ponorogo: spirituality, sexuality, and power in a Javanese performance tradition. Intersections, 2, May. link to resource

Winter,S. (2005) Of transgender and sin in Asia. Archives of the 1st International Conference of Asian Queer Studies ('Sexualities, Genders and Rights in Asia'). Bangkok, Thailand, July 2005. link to resource

Winter,S. (2006). The Asian transgendered experience. Campaigning (ILGA newsletter). No. 121. link to resource.

Winter, S. (2006) What made me this way? Contrasting reflections by Thai and Filipina transwomen. Intersections: Gender, History and Culture in the Asian Context, 14. link to resource.

Winter,S.and Udomsak, N. (2002a). Male, female and transgender : Stereotypes and self in Thailand. International Journal of Transgenderism, 6, 1. link to resource

Winter,S. and Udomsak,N. (2002b). Gender stereotype and self among transgenders: Underlying elements. International Journal of Transgenderism, 6, 2.  link to resource

Wong Y.W. (2005) The making of a local queen in an international transsexual beauty contest. Archives of the 1st International Conference of Asian Queer Studies ('Sexualities, Genders and Rights in Asia'). Bangkok, Thailand, July 2005. link to resource

5. Articles (other than those on the web)

Agrawal, A. (1997). Gendered bodies: the case of the 'third gender' in India. Contributions to Indian Sociology, 31, 273-297.

Atamer,Y. (2005). The legal status of transsexuals in Turkey. International Journal of Transgenderism, 8, 1, 65-71

Balzer,M. (1996). Sacred genders in Siberia: shamans, bear festivals and androgyny. In Ramet, S. (Ed.) Gender reversals and gender cultures. London UK: Routledge.

Baqi,S., Shah,S.A., Baig,M.A., Mujeeb,S.A. and Memon,A. (1999) Seroprevalence of HIV, HBV, and syphilis and associated risk behaviours in male transvestites (Hijras) in Karachi, Pakistan. International Journal of STD and AIDS, 10, 5, 300-304

Basu, J. (2001). Some social and legal difficulties of treatment of transsexuals in India. Social Science International, 17, 1, 74- 81.

Basu, J. and De, S. (1997). Utility of projective tests in the psychological assessment of transsexual patients: A case study approach. Journal of Projective Psychology and Mental Health, 4, 1, 41-55.

Becker, D., and Mester, R. (1996). Further insights into transsexualism. Psychopathology, 29, 1, 1-6.

Chakrapani, V., Newman, P., Shunmuhgam, M., McLuckie, A., and Melwin, F. (2007). Structural violence against kothi-identified men who have sex with men in Chennai, India: a qualitative investigation. AIDS Education and prevention, 19(4), 346-364.

Chakrapani, V., Newman, P. and Shunmugan, M. (2008). Secondary HIV prevention among kothi-identified MSM in Chennai, India. Culture, Health and Sexuality, 2008. 

Chong, J. (1990) Social Assessment of Transsexuals Who Apply for Sex Reassignment Therapy. Social Work in Health Care, 14 (3), 87-105.

Chong, J. (1991) Transsexualism- A Challenge to Social Work Practice. The Hong Kong Journal of Social Work,  23, 2-9.

Chew S., Tham K.F. and Ratnam,S.S. (1997) Sexual behaviour and prevalence of HIV antibodies in transsexuals. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, 23, 1, 33-36

Coleman, E., Cogan, P and Gooren, L. (1992). Male cross-gender behaviour in Myanmar (Burma): A description of the Acault. Archives of Sexual Behaviour, 21, 3, 313-321

Cui Y.H., Ren G.Y., Fang M.Z. and Xia Y. (1998). The MMPI results in 54 transsexuals. Chinese Mental Health Journal, 12, 3, 138-139, 144 (in Chinese)

Davis,E. (2007). Burmese Daze; my date with a transvestite spirit medium. Strange Attractor Journal, 3. (available from www.strangeattractor.co.uk)

Earth,B. (2006). Diversifying gender: male to female transgender identities and HIV/AIDS programming in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Gender and Development, 14, 2, 259-271.

Emerton, R. (2004) Neither here nor there: the current status of transsexual and other transgender persons under Hong Kong law. Hong Kong Law Journal, 34, 2, 245-277

Emerton,R. (2004) Time for change: a call for the legal recognition of transsexual and other transgender persons in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Law Journal, 34, 3, 515-555.

Emerton,R. (2006). Finding a voice, fighting for rights: the emergence of the transgender movement in Hong Kong. Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, 7, 2, 243-269

Fang, M.I. (1994) Clinical analysis of 40 cases with transsexualism. Chinese Journal of Psychiatry, 12, 160-167. (in Chinese, but with English abstract).

Guadamuz,T., Wimonsate,W., Varangat,A., Phanupak,P., Jommareung,R., McNicholl,J., Mock,P., Tappero,J. and van Griensven,F. (2011). HIV prevalence, risk behavior, hormone use and surgical history among transgdner persons in Thailand. AIDS Behavior (available online as at 13/1/11)

Gupta, S.C., Singh,H., and Rastogi, S.N. (1998). Gender identity disorder: a case report with twelve years follow-up. Indian Journal of Clnicial Psychology, 15, 1, 50-55. 

Hashimoto,M. (1992) Therapy of a case of psychotic personality organization manifesting gender identity disorder. Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, 17, 5/6, 205-212

Hwu, H.G., Yeh, E.K. & Chang, L.Y. (1989) Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in Taiwan defined by the Chinese Diagnostic Interview Schedule. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavia, 79 (2), 136-147.

Jacobs,S. and Cromwell,J. (1992). Visions and revisions of reality: reflections on sex, sexuality, gender, and gender variance. Journal of Homosexuality, 23, 4, 43-69

Jackson, P. (1995). Thai Buddhist accounts of male homosexuality and AIDS in the 1980s. Australian Journal of Anthropology, 6, 3, 140-153

Jackson,P. (1999). An American death in Bangkok: the murder of Darrell Berrigan and the hybrid origin of gay identity in 1960's Thailand: Gay and Lesbian Quarterly, 5, 3, 361-411.

Jackson,P. (2000). An explosion of Thai identities: global queering and re-imagining queer theory. Culture, Health and Sexuality, 2, 4, 405-424

Johnson, M. (1998) Global desirings and translocal loves: Transgendering and same sex sexualities in the southern Philippines. American Ethnologist, 25, 4, 695-711

Kok,L.P. (1993) Management of sexual disorders. Singapore Medical Journal 34, 6, 553-556

Kim TS, Cheon YH, Pae, CU, Kim JJ, Lee CU, Lee SJ, Paik IH, and Lee C (2006). Psychological burdens are associated with young male transsexuals in Korea. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 60, 417-421.

King, M., Winter, S. and Webster, B. (2009). Contact reduces transprejudice: a study on attitudes towards transgenderism and transgender civil rights in Hong Kong. International Journal of Sexual Health, 21, 1, 17-34

Laurent, E (2005) Sexuality and Human Rights: an Asian perspective. Journal of Homosexuality, 48, 3/4, pp163-225

Mackie, V. (2001) The Trans-sexual citizen: Queering sameness and difference. Australian Feminist Studies,  Vol.16, Issue 35, 185-192

Mahalingam,R. (2003). Essentialism, culture, and beliefs about gender among the Aruvanis of Tamil Nadu, Inndia. Sex Roles, 49, 9/10, 489-496.

Matzner, A. (2001) The Complexities of 'Acceptance': Thai students' attitudes towards kathoey. Crossroads: An interdisciplinary journal of South East Asian studies, 15, 2, 71-93

Ma, J.L.C. (1999). Social work practice with transsexuals in Hong Kong who apply for sex reassignment surgery. Social Work in Health Care, 29, 2, 85-103

Ma, J.L.C. (1997) A systems approach to the social difficulties of transsexuals in Hong Kong. Journal of Family Therapy, 19, 1, 71-88

Nakaya,M. (1996) On background factors of male genital self-mutilation. Psychopathology, 29, 4, 242-248.

Nichols,A. (2010) Dance Ponnaya, Dance! Police abuses against transgender sex workers in Sri Lanka. Feminist Criminology, 5, 2, 195-222

Noor,N.M., Rahman,S.A., Farooqui,J., Nasr,A.M., and Noon,H.M. (2003). Psychological profiles of effeminate, male and female students. Psychologia, 46, 235-245.

Ojanen, T. (2009). Sexual/gender minorities in Thailand: identities, challenges, and voluntary-sector counselling. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 6, 2, 4-34

.Okada, N., Sato, T., Matsumoto, Y., Ido, Y., Terada, S., and Kuroda, S (2008). Clinical characteristics of patients with gender identity disorder at a Japanese gender identity clinic. Psychiatry Research, 157, 315-318

Ratnam, K.V. (1994). Effect of sexual practices on T cell subsets and delayed hypersensitivity in transsexuals and female sex workers. International Journal of STD and AIDS, 5, 4, 257-261.

Sadeghi, M. and Fakhrai, A. (2000) Transsexualism in female monozygotic twins: A case report. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 34, 5, 862-864

Sahay, M and Srivastava, P.K. (1994) Somatic Inkblot Series I in male transsexuals. Journal of Projective Psychology and Mental Health, 1, 1, 73-78.

Slamah,K., Winter,S., and Ordek,K. (2010) Violence against trans sex workers. Stigma, exclusion, poverty and death. Research for Sex Work, 12, 30-34

Stein, R. (1995). Multiplicities and uncertainties of gender: Analysis of a case of transsexualism: Reply to Chodorow. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 5, 2, 301-310

Stein, R. (1995) Analysis of a case of transsexualism. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 5, 2, 257-289.

Stringer,J. (2000) Two Japanese variants of the absolute transvestite film. Journal of Homosexuality, 39, 3/4, 111-126

Sugihara, Y. and Katsurada, E. (1999). Masculinity and femininity in Japanese culture: A pilot study. Sex Roles, 40, 7/8, 635-646 

Tan, M. (2001). Survival through pluralism: emerging gay communities in the Philippines. Journal of Homosexuality, 40, 3/4, 117-142

Taneja, N., Ammini A.C., Mohapatra, I. and Saxena, S. (1992). A transsexual male with 47, XYY karyotype. British Journal of Psychiatry, 16,1, 698-699.

Teh Y.K. (1998). Understanding the problems of mak nyahs (male transsexuals) in Malaysia. South East Asia Research, 6, 2, 165-180.

Tolentino, R.B. (2000) Transvestites and transgressions: Panggagaya in Philippine gay cinema. Journal of Homosexuality 39, 3/4, 325-337

Tsoi,W.F., (1980). Female Transsexualism in Singapore a report on 20 cases.Australian and New Zealand Journal of psychiatry 14 (2), pp 141-143.

Tsoi, W.F. (1988) The prevalence of transsexualism in Singapore. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavia, 78 (4) pp 501-504.

Tsoi W.F. (1992) Male and female transsexuals: a comparison. Singapore Medical Journal, 33, 2, 182-185

Tsoi W.F. (1993) Follow-up study of transsexuals after sex-reassignment surgery. Singapore Medical Journal, 34, 6, 515-517

Tsoi, W.F., Kok, L.P. & Long, F.Y. (1977) Male transsexualism in Singapore: a description of 56 cases, British Journal of Psychiatry, 131, pp. 405-409.

Tsoi W.F., Kok,L.P., Yeo K.L. and Ratnam,S.S. (1995) Follow-up study of female transsexuals. Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore, 24, 5, 664-667

Winter, S. (2002). Transgender and society: an Asian perspective. Newsletter of the Comparative and Historical Section of the American Sociology Association. 14, 3, 16-18 

Winter,S.and Udomsak, N. (2002a). Male, female and transgender : Stereotypes and self in Thailand. International Journal of Transgenderism, 6, 1. l

Winter,S. and Udomsak,N. (2002b). Gender stereotype and self among transgenders: Underlying elements. International Journal of Transgenderism, 6, 2. 

Winter,S. (2005). Heterogeneity in Transgender: a cluster analysis of a Thai sample. International Journal of Transgenderism, 8, 1, 31-42.

Winter,S. (2006) Thai transgenders in focus: demographics, transitions and identities. International Journal of Transgenderism, 9, 1, 15-27.

Winter,S. (2006) Thai transgenders in focus: their beliefs about attitudes towards and origins of transgender.  International Journal of Transgenderism, 9, 2, 47-62.

Winter, S. (2009) Cultural considerations for the World Professional Association for Transgender Health's (WPATH) Standards of Care: the Asian perspective. International Journal of Transgenderism, 11, 1, 19-41

Winter, S. (2009). Lost in transition: transpeople, transprejudice and pathology in Asia. International Journal of Human Rights, 13, 2/3, 357-382

Winter,S., Sasot,A. and King,M. (2007) Transgender in the Philippines: A close focus. International Journal of Transgenderism, 10, 2, 15-27

Winter,S., Webster,B. and Cheung,E. Measuring Hong Kong Students’ Attitudes towards Trans People. Sex Roles, 59, 9/10, 670-683.

Winter, S. and Doussantousse, S. (2009). Transpeople, hormones and health risks in southeast Asia: a Lao study. International Journal of Sexual Health, 21, 1, 35-48

Winter, S., Chalungsooth,P., Teh,Y.K., Rojanalert,N.,  Maneerat,K., Wong,Y.W., Beaumont,A., Ho,M.W.,L., Gomez,F. and Macapagal, R.A.   (2009). Transpeople, transprejudice and pathologisation: a seven-country factor analytic study. International Journal of Sexual Health, 21, 2, 96-118.

Wiwanakit,V. (2002). Anti-HIV serology in patients with sexual dysphoria in screening test before sex change surgery. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 78:75

Yu L., Winter, S. and Xie, D. The Child Play Behavior and Activity Questionnaire: a parent-report measure of childhood gender-related behavior in China. Archives of Sexual Behavior (electronic print version available)

Yueksel, S., Kulaksizouglu, I., Tuerksoy, N. and Sahin, D. (2000) Group psychotherapy with female to male transsexuals in Turkey. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 29, 3, 279-290

Yueksel, S., Yuecel, B., Tuekel, R. and Motavalli, N. (1992). Assessment of 21 transsexual cases in group psychotherapy, admitted to hospital. Nordisk Sexologi, 10, 4, 227-235.

Yuzgun,A. (1993). Homosexuality and police terror in Turkey. Journal of Homosexuality, 24, 3-4, 159-169

Zhang, J. and Norvilitis, J. (2001). Measuring gender orientation with the Bem sex role inventory in Chinese culture. Sex Roles, 44, 3/4, 237-251

6. Research theses

Alegre, B. (2006). Psychological perspectives and development of the transsexual woman: a phenomenological case study on male-to-female Fiilipino transsexuals. Manila, Philippines: University of Santo Tomas Graduate School. Unpublished MA thesis

Beaumont, A.   (2006) ”Betwixt and Between”: A comparative study of the transgender experience in Britain and Thailand. Colchester, UK: University of Essex, Department of Sociology. Unpublished PhD thesis.

King,M (2008) Transprejudice in Hong Kong: Chinese attitudes towards transgenderism and transgender civil rights. University of Hong Kong: Faculty of Education. Unpublished PhD thesis.

de Lind van Wijngaarden, J. (1995). A social geography of male homosexual desire: Locations, individuals and networks in the context of HIV/AIDS in Chiang Mai, Northern Thailand. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Masters thesis, University of Amsterdam.

Luhmann, N. (2006). The health risk and healthcare seeking behaviours of male-to-female transgender persons in Khon Khaen, Thailand: first implications for targeted prevention. Unpublished MIH thesis, University of Khon Kaen, Khon Kaen.

Urbani, E-R. (2006). Because Buddha was a man: the ambiguousness of spirit mediums in Mandalay. Amsterdam, Netherlands: MA Thesis,  Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Amsterdam. 

Yu Lu (2009) Gender related behavior, gender identity and psychological adjustment in Chinese children. University of Hong Kong: Faculty of Education. Unpublished PhD thesis.

7. Encyclopedia country entries: gender

Cheong, A.C.S. (1993) Singapore. In Adler, L. (Ed.) International handbook of gender roles. Westport, USA: Greenwood Press.

Deka, N. (1993) India. In Adler, L. (Ed.) International handbook of gender roles. Westport, USA: Greenwood Press.

de Silva, S., Stiles, D., and Gibbons, J. (1993) Sri Lanka. In Adler, L. (Ed.) International handbook of gender roles. Westport, USA: Greenwood Press.

Fifek, G. (1993) Turkey. In Adler, L. (Ed.) International handbook of gender roles. Westport, USA: Greenwood Press.

Gielen, U. (1993) Traditional Tibetan Societies. In Adler, L. (Ed.) International handbook of gender roles. Westport, USA: Greenwood Press.

Izraeli, D. and Safir, M. (1993) Israel. In Adler, L. (Ed.) International handbook of gender roles. Westport, USA: Greenwood Press.

Kim, T.L. (1993) Korea. In Adler, L. (Ed.) International handbook of gender roles. Westport, USA: Greenwood Press.

Licuanan, P. (1993) Philippines. In Adler, L. (Ed.) International handbook of gender roles. Westport, USA: Greenwood Press.

Lin W.L. and Hsieh H.C. (1993) Taiwan. In Adler, L. (Ed.) International handbook of gender roles. Westport, USA: Greenwood Press.

Petchpud, A. (1993) Thailand. In Adler, L. (Ed.) International handbook of gender roles. Westport, USA: Greenwood Press.

Sukemune, S., Shiraishi, T., Shirakawa, Y., and Matsumi, J. (1993) Japan. In Adler, L. (Ed.) International handbook of gender roles. Westport, USA: Greenwood Press.

Takooshian, H., Kalayjian, A., and Melkonian, E. (1993) The Soviet Union and post-soviet era. In Adler, L. (Ed.) International handbook of gender roles. Westport, USA: Greenwood Press.

Yu, A.  (1993) Hong Kong. In Adler, L. (Ed.) International handbook of gender roles. Westport, USA: Greenwood Press.

8. Encyclopedia country entries: sexuality

Aydin, H., & Gulcat, Z. (1997-2001, 9th Dec 2009). Turkey. International Encyclopedia of Sexuality  1997-2001. Retrieved Dec 9th, 2009, from http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/IES/xmain.html

 

Choi, H., Ryu, J., Rha, K., Lee, W., & Yi, H. (1997-2001, 9th Dec 2009). South Korea. International Encyclopedia of Sexuality  1997-2001. Retrieved Dec 9th, 2009, from http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/IES/xmain.html

 

de Munck, V., & Weerakoon, P. (1997-2001, 9th Dec 2009). Sri Lanka. International Encyclopedia of Sexuality  1997-2001. Retrieved Dec 9th, 2009, from http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/IES/xmain.html

 

Drew, P. (1997-2001, 9th Dec 2009). Iran. International Encyclopedia of Sexuality  1997-2001. Retrieved Dec 9th, 2009, from http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/IES/xmain.html

 

Hatano, Y., & Shimazaki, T. (1997-2001, 9th Dec 2009). Japan. International Encyclopedia of Sexuality  1997-2001. Retrieved Dec 9th, 2009, from http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/IES/xmain.html

 

Kon, I. (1997-2001, 9th Dec 2009). Russia. International Encyclopedia of Sexuality  1997-2001. Retrieved Dec 9th, 2009, from http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/IES/xmain.html

 

Leyson, J. (1997-2001, 9th Dec 2009). Philippines. International Encyclopedia of Sexuality  1997-2001. Retrieved Dec 9th, 2009, from http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/IES/xmain.html

 

Nath, J., & Nayar, V. (1997-2001, 9th Dec 2009). India. International Encyclopedia of Sexuality  1997-2001. Retrieved Dec 9th, 2009, from http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/IES/xmain.html

 

Ng, M. (1997-2001, 9th Dec 2009). Hong Kong. International Encyclopedia of Sexuality  1997-2001. Retrieved Dec 9th, 2009, from http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/IES/xmain.html

 

Ng, M (2009). Transsexuality and sex-change operations. Encyclopedia of Modern China. (Ed. Pong, D.) Gale, Cengage .

 

Pangkahila, W., & Elkholy, R. (1997-2001, 9th Dec 2009). Indonesia. International Encyclopedia of Sexuality  1997-2001. Retrieved Dec 9th, 2009, from http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/IES/xmain.html

 

Pastoetter, J. (1997-2001, 9th Dec 2009). Vietnam. International Encyclopedia of Sexuality  1997-2001. Retrieved Dec 9th, 2009, from http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/IES/xmain.html

 

Ruan, F., & Lau, M. (1997-2001, 9th Dec 2009). China. International Encyclopedia of Sexuality  1997-2001. Retrieved Dec 9th, 2009, from http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/IES/xmain.html

 

Schroeder, E. (1997-2001, 9th Dec 2009). Nepal. International Encyclopedia of Sexuality  1997-2001. Retrieved Dec 9th, 2009, from http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/IES/xmain.html

 

Shtarkshall, R., & Zemach, R. (1997-2001, 9th Dec 2009). Israel. International Encyclopedia of Sexuality  1997-2001. Retrieved Dec 9th, 2009, from http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/IES/xmain.html

 

Taywaditep, K., Coleman, E., & Dumronggittigule, P. (1997-2001, 9th Dec 2009). Thailand. International Encyclopedia of Sexuality  1997-2001. Retrieved Dec 9th, 2009, from http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/IES/xmain.html

9. Book reviews 

Matzner, A. Review of 'Ladyboys, tom boys, rent boys: Male and female homosexualities in contemporary Thailand' (Ed. Jackson, P. and Sullivan, G). link to resource

Matzner, A. Review of 'Dear Uncle Go: Male homosexuality in Thailand' (Jackson, P). link to resource

Matzner, A. (2001) Review of 'Gender diversity: cross-cultural variations (Nanda, S.). Intersections 6.  link to resource

Matzner, A. Review of 'Beauty and power: transgendering and cultural transformation in the southern Philippines' (Johnson,M.)    link to resource

 

 

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